Hubei Province , referred to as "E", is the provincial administrative region of the People's Republic of China and the capital of Wuhan. It is located in central China, adjacent to Anhui in the east, Chongqing in the west, Shaanxi in the northwest, Jiangxi and Hunan in the south, and Henan in the north, between 29 ° 01′53 ″ -33 ° 6′47 ″ north latitude and 108 ° 21 east longitude ′42 ″ —116 ° 07′50 ″, the east-west length is about 740 kilometers, the north-south width is about 470 kilometers, the total area is 185,900 square kilometers, accounting for 1.94% of China's total area. The easternmost point is Huangmei County, the westernmost point is Lichuan City, the southernmost point is Laifeng County, and the northernmost point is Luxi County.
The terrain of Hubei Province is roughly surrounded by mountains on the east, west, and north, with a low level in the middle, and an incomplete basin opening slightly to the south. Among the province's total area, 56% are mountainous areas, 24% are hills, and 20% are plain lakes. They belong to the Yangtze River system. Hubei Province is located in the subtropical zone. Except for the high mountainous regions, the province has a subtropical monsoon humid climate.
As of the end of 2018, Hubei Province has 12 prefecture-level cities, 1 autonomous prefecture, and 4 county-level administrative units directly under the central government. There are a total of 25 county-level cities, 36 counties, 2 autonomous counties, and 1 forest district. The permanent population is 5,917. It has a total GDP of RMB 39,366.55 billion, of which the added value of the primary industry is RMB 354.751 billion, the added value of the secondary industry is RMB 1,708.895 billion, and the added value of the tertiary industry is RMB 18,303.09 billion. The three industrial structures are 9.0: 43.4: 47.6.